Sunday, March 7, 2010



Chapter 1

(1) "Dona" is a common title of respect used before a lady's first name.

(2) Native or inhabitant of the Rio Grande do Sul province.

(3) The capital of Rio Grande do Sul province.

(4) Carvalho is the mother's maiden name.

(5) A popular brazilian singer-composer of the 1930’s.

(6) The most popular tango singer from Argentina.

(7) A famous Argentinean song.

(8) A popular singer of that time, who had risen to fame from very humble beginnings.

(9) Rego later said that he made her a secretary because it was the only way to pay her money for her regular appearance on the show. Ary Rego was a very strong supporter of Elis in her budding career.

(10) One of the founders and principal contributors to the bossa-nova musical genre that swept Brazil (and later the U.S.) in the late 50's and early 60's.

(11) A supporter of Leonel Brizola and his party, the PTB, during the 1950's and 1960's.

(12) Pertaining to Rio de Janeiro.

(13) Bottle Alley - a street in Rio containing numerous nightclubs, and where bossa-nova was born.

(14) The 'Brazilian Workers' Party'.

(15) In 1964, a military junta assumed control of the country, outlawing certain labour unions, among other things.

Chapter 2

(1) The military took power on that day. They were to remain in power until 1985.

(2) He is responsible for the construction of the trans-amazonian highway, Brasília, etc.. and died in a mysterious auto accident in 1976.

(3) A famous film-maker of that period.

(4) The greatest brazilian soccer player of that time (and, some would argue, of all time).

(5) A journalist and bossa-nova lyricist of that time.

(6) Light S.A. was the electric company in Rio at the time.

(7) A revolutionary musical genre that appeared in the late 60's.

(8) A song by Chico Buarque.

(9) Two rival universities in São Paulo.

(10) Brazilian renditions of foreign songs.

(11) An important figure in the musical world of Rio.

(12) A city on the coast in Bahia State.

(13) One of the key figures in brazilian popular music (MPB), a co-founder of the Tropicalismo (Tropicalia).

(14) The largest TV station in Brazil.

(15) The First Festival of brazilian popular music, put on by TV Excelsior (see later).

(16) Elis' first great success.

(17) Another one of the founders of bossa-nova, some of his songs have become favourites around the world (e.g. The Girl From Ipanema, Wave, How Insensitive)

(18) Yearly celebration in February, featuring singing, dancing in the streets.

(19) Rum and coke (free coke, the literal translation, is a pun on the fact that coca-cola was banned in Cuba at the time).

(20) A very influential songwriter in the 60's and early 70's.

(21) An american dancer and choreographer.

(22) A reference to Elis' energetic body movements on stage.

(23) A nightclub in Rio.

(24) A very popular male singer of that time.

(25) A keyboardist and musical arranger.

(26) Daily newspaper in which Silva wrote a column.

(27) Afro-Brazilian Godess of the Sea

(28) Statue of Christ which overlooks Rio de Janeiro with open arms.

Chapter 3

(1) These Festivals, held mostly at colleges, helped to launch the professional careers of many singers in Brazil during this time.

(2) Música Popular Brasileira - Brazilian Popular Music.

(3) A trophy named after the man who introduced radio to Brazil.

(4) One of the leaders at TV Record.

(5) Former type of Braziian currency.

(6) A popular music label at that time.

(7) A popular jazz combo of the early 60's.

(8) Province in the northeast of Brazil.

(9) A company that made soap and other household products.

(10) He became one of the most famous composer-singers in Brazilian popular music, and still is to this day.

(11) One of the most famous popular singers since the late 60's, she is the sister of Caetano Veloso. She and Elis rivalled each other for popularity.

(12) Gal Costa, another of the more popular singers since the late 60's, was a co-founder of the musical form Tropicalismo with Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil, among others.

(13) A national hero because of his fiery protest songs.

(14) One of Gil's songs.

(15) One of Gil's songs.

(16) A musical form created by Gil, Veloso and Costa, which Elis did not favour.

(17) Two more of Gil's songs.

(18) The record is called Elis & Tom, and is generally recognized to be a classic. It was a 'gift' from her record label, to grant Elis the chance to record with anyone of her choice due to her impressive record sales.

(19) A highly popular composer-singer from Minas Gerais whom she introduced to the brazilian public, and of whom she interpreted many songs over the years.

(20) The record, her last studio album, was called Elis (1980).

(21) A doctrine founded on the principles of two opposing forces, namely good and evil.

(22) The best selling recording artist in Brazil during the 70's and 80's, he started out as a rock and roll singer on the show Jovem Guarda, from 1965 to 68.

(23) One of the most popular newspapers in São Paulo.

(24) A city in the southern part of Rio de Janeiro State.

(25) Two soccer teams.

(26) The religious part of a wedding follows the civil wedding a day later.

(27) A Hungarian-born Brazilian actress.

(28) The wedding took place on December 5th, 1967.

(29) Brazilian dish of milk, sugar and eggs.

Chapter 4

(1) A popular newspaper in Rio de Janeiro.

(2) A popular female singer in the 50's and 60's

(3) They were rival presidential candidates in 1984.

(4) Ex-owner of the Bottles bar and currently (1985) owner of the Plataforma no Rio, a popilar churasscaria restaurant.

(5) Who was married to Mia Farrow at that time.

(6) Famous fashion designer at that time.

(7) A musical award.

(8) Another Rio-based newspaper.

(9) One of the greatest contemporary portuguese poets.

(10) Another Baden Powell song.

(11) The theatre L'Olympia in Paris.

(12) A french singer/actor of that time.

(13) One of Bôscoli's songs.

(14) A magazine.

Chapter 5

(1) Her nickname was Furacão, or hurricane, because of her seemingly boundless energy.

(2) A very formal way to close a letter, meaning the bestowing of 'family' status', much like a friend who is named "Uncle' or 'Aunt' without being related.

(3) The record is titled Elis, and was released in 1972.

(4) A popular songwriter of that period.

(5) A composer from the north-eastern part of Brazil.

(6) One of Brazil's most popular MPB singers.

(7) What a native of Rio de Janeiro is called; like 'New Yorker'.

(8) He and Gilberto Gil had been exiled by the military government.

(9) The name given to musicians from the state of Bahia in the late '60s.

(10) A Brazilian live msuic TV show hosted by Ivan Lins in the 1970's.

Chapter 6

(1) The ages of the children at the time of writing of this book, 1985.

(2) A city on the northeast coast of Brazil.

(3) Three states located in the southern part of Brazil.

(4) Large auditorium center in São Paulo.

(5) The most popular newsweekly magazine in Brazil.

(6) One of Elis' greatest stage shows, produced in 1975.

(7) Maria Bethânia, a popular singer and sister of Caetano Veloso.

(8) Gal Costa, popular singer from Bahia province.

(9) Popular singer/composer from Bahia province.

(10) A celebration event for the military forces

(11) This was during a live TV show, when Chico had tried to sing a protest song.

(12) The album, a classic, is called Elis & Tom.

(13) The producer of the Elis & Tom album.

(14) The largest TV network in Brazil.

(15) Elis was born and raised in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil's southernmost province.

(16) Her second son, the first with César Mariano.

(17) Her country house.

(18) Elis did not have enough milk to feed her newborn baby.

Chapter 7

(1) This is how the residents of the city São Paulo are referred to.

(2) A Cuban musical genre.

(3) The University of São Paulo.

(4) Prominent Arts Theater in São Paulo.

(5) Approximately US $83,000.

(6) A popular rock singer in Brazil.

(7) A popular cartoonist.

Chapter 8

(1) A rural suburb of São Paulo.

(2) A term used to designate the large land spreads owned by rich landowners in all of Latin-America.

(3) From the song Aos nossos filhos (To Our Children).

(4) Paraphrasing the words of the song Aos Nossos Filhos.

(5) A poliyical party - Brazilian Democratic Movement.

(6) Election Day in Brazil.

(7) A district in the city of São Paulo.

(8) Annual celebration of Brazil's history as a nation.

(9) A cartoonist of that time, who was very critical of the “establishment”.

(10) The most important non-conformist newspaper in the history of Brazilian press.

(11) A character created by Henfil, named after the cemetary.

(12) A popular Brazilian novelist.

(13) A cartoon character created by Henfil - an obscene monk.

(14) A musician, director.

Chapter 9

(1) A phenomenal Brazilian jazz multi-instrumentalist. He accompanied Elis on piano at the Montreux Jazz Festival.

(2) A composer-interpreter team of which Elis interpreted many songs during her career. They were very influential in Brazil at the time.

(3) Because of his political activities and affiliations, Betinho was forced into exile by the ruling political government. He lived in Canada for some time before returning to Brazil. He is now heavily involved in helping street children in and around Rio de Janeiro.

(4) A news and pop culture magazine.

Chapter 10

(1) Maria Bethânia, one of the most popular MPB singers both during Elis' career and in the years since.

(2) Natan Marques, a fine guitarist and long-time musical companion of Elis'.

(3) A smal VW Beetle-based jeep-like vehicle.

(4) The bassist in Elis' band.

(5) 'Order and Progress' is the motto which appears on the Brazilian flag.

(6) A popular MPB singer and Brazilian television actor.

(7) A popular Brazilian percussionist.

Chapter 11

(1) A song from the album 'Trem Azul'

(2) Featuring Rita Lee

(3) The refrain of the song repeats the phrase "Down in High Society", and Elis played with her voice while singing that phrase, at times sounding almost like Louis Armstrong.

(4) A quarrel eruptd wut Buarque over song lyrics earlier.

(5) Woman 80

(6) Sound mixing crew for the show.

(7) Her brother Rogério.

(8) They did the script and directed Transversal Do Tempo

(9) Sonia Braga is a well-known brazilian actress; Gilberto Gil and his wife Flora.

(10) Brazil's most popular weekly magazine.

(11) A great natural waterfall and tourist attraction, on the border between Brazil and Argentina. Several times larger than Niagra Falls.

Chapter 12

(1) These singer/songwriters all originated from the state of Bahia.

(2) From the interior state of Minas Geras.

(3) One of the most influential MPB singer/songwriters, he is from from Minas Geras.

(4) A long-time guitarist of Milton Nascimento's, also from Minas Geras.

(5) The son of Luis Gonzaga, one of the greatest singer-composers from the North-East. Gonzaguinha died in a car crash in the late 1980’s.

(4) A quarrel eruptd wut Buarque over song lyrics earlier.

(5) Woman 80

(6) One of the most popular Brazilian singers, she had a strong career in Hollywood.

(7) The second army of Brazil

(8) The Destacamento de Operações de Informações - Centro de Operações de Defesa Interna In English it means: The Department of Operations of Information - Center of Internal Defense Operations) which was a department of the Brazilian government during the military regime responsible for repressing what was then called "the enemy within". It was a political police which used Torture and other means against "the enemy within" and "communists".

(9) From the Nascimento/Brant song O Que Foi Feito Devera (Whatever Happened Will Be).

(10) Written in 1985. Clearly, this is no longer the case today, unfortunately.

(11) From a Nascimento/Brant song called Maria, Maria, which Elis sang regularly.

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Copyright Regina Echeverria – Robert St-Louis
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